Regasification plants

Natural Gas Infrastructure Databases

The CEDIGAZ Infrastructure Databases provide complete data on some key natural gas infrastructure. CEDIGAZ develops and maintains three databases on natural gas infrastructure worldwide:

The LNG liquefaction terminals database

The LNG liquefaction plants database provides detailed information on liquefaction terminals in the world. As of February 2021, it included 176 plants of which 59 were existing facilities (including idle or off-line LNG plants), 12 were under construction and over 100 were projects at different stages of planning and maturity (some were highly speculative). Data provided include the operator, the design capacity, the status (operating, under-construction, projected…), data on the project timeline (FID date, start-up date, …),  cost information, data on associated production (condensates, LPG), LNG storage capacities, etc. The database also includes detailed information at the liquefaction train level including status, design capacity, start-up/projected startup dates, shareholders …

The LNG regasification terminals database

The LNG regasification terminals database provides the same type of information as the liquefaction plants database. As of February 2021, it included 241 operating LNG regasification worldwide, 36 under construction and 80 projects at different stages of planning. In addition to basic information such as the regasification capacity, the start-up date, the shareholders etc., the database also includes the LNG storage capacity of the terminals, an essential element especially in countries lacking significant underground storage capacities, such as Japan, South Korea, or even China.

The LNG infrastructure in 2019

The global liquefaction capacity increased by 28 bcm/year (+ 21 Mtpa) in 2019, reaching 581 bcm at year-end. Seven new projects/trains were commissioned in 2019: Australia’s Prelude FLNG (+ 4.8 bcm/y), US Cameron LNG Train 1 (+ 6.6 bcm/y), US Elba Island trains 1-5 (+ 3.3 bcm), US Freeport LNG Train 1 (+ 5.8 bcm), US Corpus Christi Train 2 (+ 5.9 bcm), Russia small-scale Vysotsk (+ 0.9 bcm) and Argentina small-scale Tango FLNG (+ 0.7 bcm).

Global Liquefaction capacities (bcm).
Total regasification capacity worldwide increased by 42 bcm/year to 1172 bcm at year-end 2019, with the addition of 10 bcm/y from India (Ennore, Dahej expansion), 5 bcm from Bangladesh (Summit LNG FSRU), 4.8 bcm/y from Jamaica (Old Harbour FSRU), 3.7 bcm from Russia Kaliningrad Region ( Marshal Vasilevskiy FSRU), 2.3 bcm from China (Fangchenggang and Shenzhen Gas), 2.7 bcm/y from Taiwan (Taichung expansion), 1.1 bcm/y from Thailand (Map Ta Phut expansion) and 0.7 bcm from South Korea (Jeju island) and Gibraltar (small-scale).

Growth in regasification capacities in 2019
Growth in regasification capacities in 2019

The Underground Gas Storage Database

Underground Gas Storage plays a fundamental role in ensuring gas security of supply, especially for gas importing countries of Europe. Moreover, with the growing importance of international gas trade and the explosive growth of LNG trade, European UGS are essential in balancing the global gas market by alleviating temporary surpluses or shortages. The CEDIGAZ Underground Gas Storage database provides a global coverage of UGS. As January 2021, it included 611 UGS facilities in operation, 43 UGS closed, mothballed or inactive, 58 UGS under construction or expansion and 97 projects at different stages of planning.

Underground Gas Storage at the end of 2019

At the end 2019, the global working gas capacity reached 422 billion cubic meters (bcm), up 0.9% compared to end 2018. This small increase was driven by Asia-Oceania, Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The growth in gas storage capacity continued the return to moderate growth observed in 2018 (+1.1%). The global peak deliverability rate amounted to 7,286 million cubic meters per day (mcm/d) at the end of 2019, almost unchanged from end 2018.

North America concentrates two thirds of the sites (441 facilities) and accounts for almost 40% of global working gas capacity (163 bcm) and more than half of global deliverability (3,726 mcm/d). There are 141 facilities in Europe (108.6 bcm, 2,082 mcm/d), 47 in the CIS (121 bcm, 1,242 mcm/d), 28 in Asia-Oceania (22.4 bcm, 200 mcm/d), and 3 in the Middle East (6.9 bcm, 34 mcm/d). There is also one small UGS in Argentina.

Storage in depleted fields dominates with 80% of global working gas volumes, but storage in salt caverns now accounts for 26% of global deliverability.

Global underground gas storage as of end 2019 – by region
Global underground gas storage as of end 2019 – by region

Related: Underground Gas Storage in the world – 2020 Status