Natural gas production since 1950

Natural gas production

Natural gas production by country

CEDIGAZ’s country indicator natural gas database is the only commercial database that provides the analyst with all the data from gross production to marketed production including natural gas reinjection, natural gas flaring and other losses.

Gross production is the total production of natural gas in crude form before reinjection, flaring, losses and processing.

Reinjection refers to the associated natural gas volumes that are injected into oil reservoirs for pressure maintenance purposes

Other losses or “volume shrinkage” essentially result from the processing of natural gas before it enters the networks, including purification and extraction of its liquefiable fractions (ethane, LPG, natural gasoline and condensates). This volume also includes natural gas used in field operations.

Marketed production = Gross production – Reinjection – Flaring – Other losses. It is the concept adopted at the international level to assess the contribution of the “natural gas” primary energy in the energy balances.

World balance of natural gas production – Main trends in 2019

In 2019, world gross natural gas production increased 3.2% to 4857 bcm, representing an addition of 151 bcm. Out of this volume, 8% is reinjected to enhance oil production, 7% I  lost through shrinkage and processing/field operations, and 3% is flared.

In the last five years, gross production increased by 2.4%/year, while marketed production grew more strongly by 3%/year. In this context, the rate of utilization of raw gas improved.

Quantities of reinjected gas continued to drop, down 0.8% in 2019 and down 2%/year in the last five years. The largest drops were recorded in Algeria and Venezuela.

Global flaring and venting increased 2.7% in 2019, driven up by Russia and the United States. The 2019 level was roughly equivalent to the flared gas volume five years previously, demonstrating needs for more significant actions to reduce flaring in some countries.

The top-five flaring countries account for 57% of world gas flaring.

The shrinkage or other losses result from the processing of natural gas before it enters the networks, purification and/or extraction of its liquefiable fractions (ethane, LPG, natural gasoline and condensates). This volume also includes natural gas used in field operations.

The shrinkage and other losses continued to rise strongly in 2019. In the last five years, the volume of upstream losses increased by 3%/year in line with marketed production, with the largest increments from the United States and Iran, illustrating the growing importance of the use of Natural Gas Liquids (NGLs).