Underground Gas Storage in the World - 2022 Status
This annual report assesses underground gas storage (UGS) in the world at the end of 2021. It is based and complemented by a comprehensive online database, including detailed statistical information on current and future capacities for the 667 UGS facilities in operation in the world and the 166 UGS projects under construction, planned or potential. Altogether, the database includes 51 countries. The database also includes information on closed, mothballed and inactive UGS facilities, as well as the expansion stages of UGS facilities, when this information is available (see Methodology). The database is available to CEDIGAZ’s members under the infrastructure section of CEDIGAZ website.
This report includes two parts. The first one gives an assessment of UGS capacity at the end of 2021 and new capacity under construction, planned and potential. The second part reviews major trends in UGS in selected key markets: Europe, Ukraine, Russia, the United States, and China. In view of the crucial role of gas storage for security of supply, this review includes an analysis of gas stocks in 2021/22 and winter 2022/23 preparedness. In addition, recent UGS construction activity is reviewed in Central and South America and the Middle East.
This report is based on information available at the beginning of November 2022.
GLOBAL BIOMETHANE MARKET 2022 ASSESSMENT + DATABASE
Top 100 Strategic Gas Pipeline
- Pipeline ownership – Project structure, shareholders, and their respective shares,
- Technical characteristics – Including pipeline length, diameter, wall thickness and grade of steel used and the pipeline route.
- Pipeline route – Including a bespoke map for each pipeline detailing the route and lengths
- Pipeline construction data – Including CAPEX data relating to the original cost of the pipeline, as well as the cost of subsequent upgrades together with details of the main EPC construction contractors used.
Underground Gas Storage in the World 2021 Status
This annual report assesses underground gas storage (UGS) in the world at the end of 2020. It is based and complemented by a comprehensive online database, including detailed statistical information on current and future capacities for the 661 UGS facilities in operation in the world and the 91 new projects under construction, planned or potential. Altogether, the database includes 51 countries. The database also includes information on closed, mothballed and inactive UGS facilities, as well as the expansion stages of UGS facilities, when this information is available (see Methodology). The database is available to CEDIGAZ’s members under the infrastructure section of CEDIGAZ website.
This report includes three parts. Due to the exceptional events on the gas (and energy) scene in 2021, this year’s report includes an analysis of the main causes of the elevated European and North Asian spot gas prices (Part 1). Then, the report gives an assessment of UGS key metrics in 2020 and their evolution compared to 2019. The third part reviews major trends in UGS in selected key markets: Europe, Ukraine, Russia, USA, and China. In addition, recent UGS construction activity is reviewed in South and Central America and the Middle East.
Oil and Gas Majors in India: Co-creating the Gas and LNG Market
The entry of big players into the downstream gas market, in partnerships with strong Indian partners, offers a key leverage to the Indian vision to realise a gas market-based economy. They can deliver competitive and affordable LNG supplies and accelerate gas infrastructure build out, thus solving two key bottlenecks on the Indian gas market. Energy majors will facilitate and accelerate gas market growth and enlarge the gas market with innovative solutions adapted to Indian conditions. A larger gas sector augurs well with Indian economy as well as for the environment and is a win-win situation for all stakeholders.While the COVID-19 crisis has introduced an additional uncertainty to natural gas demand growth, the Indian gas market fundamentals are robust and long-term growth propects remain strong.
IRAN NATURAL GAS
Iran has one of the largest proven natural gas reserves in the world, hosts about 17% of the world’s proven natural gas reserves. Iran is also the world’s third–largest dry natural gas producer after the United States and Russia.
This report Dr Sara Vakhshouri founder and president of SVB Energy International and renown specialist of the Iranian energy sector provide an update of Iranian Gas Chain under US sanctionsContents:
- Historical background
- Gas reserves & Exploration
- Development & Production
- Gas Refining & Production at Refineries
- Natural Gas Consumption, Import & Export
- Underground Gas Storage
- Gas Condensate Production
- Implication of US sanctions
Underground Gas Storage in the World - 2019 Status
- At the end 2018, there were 662 underground gas storage (UGS) facilities in operation in the world. The global working gas capacity reached 421 bcm
- North America concentrates more than two thirds of the sites and accounts for almost 40% of global working gas capacity and half of global deliverability, the top five countries (United States, Russia, Ukraine, Canada and Germany) account for 70% of the worldwide capacities
- Storage in depleted fields dominate with 79% of global working gas volumes, but storage in salt caverns now accounts for 26% of global deliverability
- In 2018, the growth in gas storage capacity contrasted with the trends observed since 2015
- At worldwide level, there are 102 identified projects at different stages of planning
- UGS development activity is dominated by China, which alone accounts for almost half of the 37 bcm of working gas capacity under construction
A NEW ERA FOR CCUS DRIVEN BY CONTRASTED POLICIES AND BUSINESS MODELS: US AND EUROPEAN APPROACHES
Following a period of low activity and weakening interest in recent years, CCUS is back into the limelight, especially in the US and in Europe, in the wake of the Paris agreement, boosted by a growing interest in hydrogen, rising carbon prices, new supporting policies and new business models.
This report provides an update on CCUS globally with a focus on Europe and the US, the two leading areas for this technology.Contents:
- Introduction: CCUS is back on policy makers’ agenda
- Growing policy attention and support for CCUS
- Global status of CCUS
- Barriers, challenges and required policies
- United States: Growing carbon capture & CO2-EOR industry
- Renewed interest and policy support in Europe
THE IMPACT OF NEW MARINE EMISSIONS REGULATIONS ON THE LNG MARKET
- What are the IMO emissions standards coming into force in 2020 and where do they apply?
- What are the possible options for ship owners?
- What are the opportunities for the LNG market?
- Current state of play – how is the industry planning for the 2020 regulations?
BLUE SKIES AND NATURAL GAS IN CHINA
Underground Gas Storage in the World - 2018 Status
The Future of Natural Gas in China and India - Critical Drivers and Challenges
Catching Cold or Catching Fire? Current state and growth prospects for small-scale LNG
Algeria's potential and challenges, striking the right balance
South Korea's phase-out of nuclear and coal: what does it mean for the LNG market?
How will LNG support Kuwait's energy transition?
Ten major trends in the European gas market
India's vision to a gas-based economy, drivers and challenges
The rise in coal prices: Beijing policy drives EU coal-to-gas switching
Overview of Underground Gas Storage in the World 2017–Status
Does LNG have a long-term future in the United Arab Emirates?
Post COP21 - What does the future hold for gas in Southeast Asia?
Post-Sanction Iranian Natural Gas Production and Export Potential: Challenges and Opportunities
Is China's Golden Agen Of Gas Over Before It Began?
A lot of hot air? To what extent could gas lose ground in the heating market in Europe
Subsidy – blessing or curse? An Assessment of Impact of Gas Price Subsidies on Gas Markets and Consumers
U.S. Natural Gas Update and Outlook
Russian Gas Market: Entering New Era
Waiting for the Next Train? An Assessment of the Emerging Canadian LNG Industry
Japan's New Energy Policy - In search for stable and competitive energy supply
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